The "Help List"
During the negotiation process when you wish to comment on something that is happening, for convenience and to assist the other participants, you may wish to refer by number to the item or items which you believe need to be considered.
During Meetings with Your Partner and the Lawyers:
1. View your ex as a negotiation problem-solving partner. Although you and your spouse or partner are separating it is helpful to consider that person as someone who can actively and positively participate in solving the issues created by your separation. For that reason that person is referred to as your partner in this list of suggestions.
2. Be effective. Only do or say those things which will be effective. Being effective means advancing toward goals which are consistent with your interests and principles.
3. Acknowledge your feelings and look forward. When you feel that you have been wronged, it is hard not to dwell on the wrongdoing which you feel has been inflicted upon you and focus on the blame which you place on your partner. When you allow yourself to be governed by these feelings, you are dwelling in the past and limiting your ability to move forward. Look at what has happened and focus on setting whatever boundaries and agreements you need to protect yourself in the future. Then focus your attention on what will help you in the future. If you are feeling stuck in a difficult emotional state, alert others.
4. Respect the fact that the transitions in your lives present difficulties and different processing for both you and your partner. You are both going through a difficult transition. Sometimes the difficulties are greater for one person than the other. Sometimes one of you will have already dealt with the separation and the other not. You will each have different needs and a different timetable over which adjustments will occur. You will each process information differently and make decisions in different ways. Be respectful of these differences and difficulties.
5. Avoid using inflammatory language. Critical speech, blame, the use of sarcastic inflections, and accusations tend to start or continue a spiral of unproductive conversation. When we react in these ways it is frequently because we are angry, because we are fearful, because we are in pain, or because we have been hurt. When you catch yourself reacting or someone else points out your reaction, use that awareness as a tool to understand yourself and your needs.
6. Speak for yourself, not for your partner. When speaking about your partner, try not to describe his/her feelings or motivations. Focus on your own feelings. For example, if you feel that a particular statement is not true, express your concerns by stating that A I don= t trust you. I am not able to believe what you are saying. Do not state `You are a liar.` The former statement is clearly true. The latter statement may be subject to debate and may precipitate an unnecessary argument. The latter statement also does not address the serious issue of lack of trust. Negotiators refer to the preferred manner of expression as making A `I` statements. "I" statements are not simply adding "I feel" as a preface such as "I feel you are a liar." "I" statements express your underlying concerns or feelings.
7. Remember that the Collaborative process is completely voluntary. You and your partner will continue in the Collaborative process only so long as you both wish. You are free to terminate the process at any time. You have the right to say `no` at any time. It is important to remember this right. Knowledge of your entitlement to stop at any time gives you the freedom to consider options without feeling coerced.
8. Listen carefully to your partner= s expressed feelings and interests. It is very important that you try to understand the feelings and interests expressed by your partner. True collaboration implies that everyone will be attempting to find resolutions that encompass as much as possible of what is important to both of you. Mutual understanding is a prerequisite for optimizing results.
Sometimes when you don= t agree with what someone else is saying you will be fearful that understanding signifies agreement. Listening to and understanding what someone is saying does not constitute agreement. It is, however, an essential ingredient to a collaborative problem-solving process.
9. Be creative. Attempt to think outside of the box. Consider conflict as an opportunity to be creative. Be willing to look at as many options as possible for meeting your interests as well as your partner= s. Focus on being creative. For example, brainstorm potential options and develop as many choices as possible before shifting into an evaluative mode and choosing solutions. There will be issues which are very sensitive and which will almost certainly lead to some conflict. The potential for conflict should not lead to the avoidance of important issues. Conflict can be useful if it leads to a productive result and is handled sensitively. Collaboration does not imply an absence of conflict. Collaborative Process does provide an opportunity to approach potential conflict with a positive solution-oriented attitude.
10. Be optimistic! Remain optimistic that with diligence and effort a mutually acceptable result is possible. There is no guarantee that the process of reaching agreement will be effort free and without difficulties. However, even the most difficult conflicts can be resolved when there is the intention to do so.
We are all responsible for the application of The Help List. This process will work best if at the commencement all participants give everyone else permission to gently comment when one of the principles above is not being applied. The attorneys are as responsible as the parties for applying the list.